What is Professional liability insurance ?

Professional liability insurance (PLI), also called professional indemnity insurance (PII) but more commonly known as errors & omissions (E&O) in the US, is a form ofliability insurance that helps protect professional advice- and service-providing individuals and companies from bearing the full cost of defending against a negligence claim made by a client, and damages awarded in such a civil lawsuit. The coverage focuses on alleged failure to perform on the part of, financial loss caused by, and error or omission in the service or product sold by the policyholder. These are causes for legal action that would not be covered by a more general liability insurance policy which addresses more direct forms of harm. Professional liability coverage sometimes also provides for the defense costs, including when legal action turns out to be groundless. Coverage does not includecriminal prosecution, nor a wide range of potential liabilities under civil law that are not enumerated in the policy, but which may be subject to other forms of insurance. Professional liability insurance is required by law in some areas for certain kinds of professional practice (especially medical and legal), and is also sometimes required under contract by other businesses that are the beneficiaries of the advice or service.

Professional liability insurance may take on different forms and names depending on the profession. For example, in reference to medical professions it is called malpractice insurance, while errors and omissions (E&O) insurance is used by insurance agents, consultants, brokers and lawyers.[1] Other professions that commonly purchase professional liability insurance include accounting, engineering and financial services, construction and maintenance (general contractors, plumbers, etc., many of whom are alsosurety bonded), and transport. Some charities and other nonprofits/NGOs are also professional-liability insured.


  • Breach of professional Duty
  • Loss of Documents
  • Legal Defence Costs
  • Discovery Period
  • Civil Liability Claims




  • Deliberate, criminal, dishonest, fraudulent acts or violation of law.
    • Any liability with the insured was or ought to have been aware of prior to policy date
    • Claims brought by any insured or the company except for employment practice claims
    • Third party public liability
    • Fines, penalties, punitive or exemplary damages
    • Any loss of financial nature like loss of goodwill, loss of market etc.
    • Liability, if any, assumed by agreement and which would not have attached if not for the agreement.